ここから本文です。

更新日:2019年8月9日

HOW DID TAKAOKA SUCCEED IN MAKING MIRACULOUS CHANGES?

THE STORY OF THE LORD AND HIS CITIZENS WHO TURNED A CRISIS INTO A GREAT OPPORTUNITY

The story:

The Maeda clan of the Kaga Domain created a unique culture that has fully flourished. - People, Techniques, and Spirits -

Takaoka was established when the second lord Maeda Toshinaga built the Takaoka castle about 400 years ago. Unfortunately, he passed away five years after it was established. In addition, the new Ikkoku Ichijo Rei (One Castle Per Province) law was enacted, and the castle was forced to close.

Following his father’s will, third lord Maeda Toshitsune pursued strategic political policies to revitalize the city and succeeded in turning Takaoka into a city of commerce and industry. This is the story of the great lords and their citizens.douage

Story 1: 150 days to construct, abandoned six years later

The new law and Toshinaga’s death put the city in danger of closing.

The city of Takaoka is surrounded by the Tonami and Imizu plains, famous for rice. The northern side faces Toyama Bay, and the beautiful Tateyama mountain range can be seen from the Amaharashi coast. Rich in nature with a variety of food cultures, people have lived here since the Paleolithic age.
The foundations of the city were made in the beginning of the Edo period. When the young lord Toshinaga observed the province from the mountain, he recognized that the area of Takaoka was the perfect location for a stronghold and as a hub for land and water transportation. In 1609, he began building the Takaoka castle to live in after his retirement. Construction was completed in only 150 days.
He placed the base, called Kimachi, in the town to collect and store the materials. He also invited seven founders from the Western Kanaya Town (Tonami County) to the current Kanayamachi (Takaoka City) to establish a new blacksmithing town as the center of the metal casting industry. The founders received great patronage, including tax exemption, from the Kaga clan, and Takaoka’s metalworking industry flourished.
After moving into the Takaoka Castle, lord Toshinaga’s life came to an end just five years later. The following year, the new Ikkoku Ichijo Rei (One Castle Per Province) law was enacted. The castle was forced to close, and his workers relocated to Kanazawa. The citizens grew anxious about the future prosperity of the town.

takaokajyo   toshinaga

Story 2: The castle town is transformed into a town of commerce and industry

Following Toshinaga’s will, Toshitsune came up with new strategic policies to save the city.

When Takaoka fell into crisis, third lord Toshitsune established new policies in order to save the city. First, he banned citizens from moving out of the city. He then established lodgings, a distribution center for linen, and a wholesaler of fish and salt. Storehouses for storage of rice and salt were located inside the castle grounds. This resulted in the start of Takaoka’s role as a city of commerce.
Toshitsune made use of the district plan that Toshinaga had developed. He respected and felt indebted to Toshinaga for handing the reign of the family over to him, an adopted son. He built a luxurious temple (Zuiryu-ji) and an extraordinary-sized graveyard to mourn the death of Toshinaga, and also as the symbol of the city’s prosperity. 
He located city storehouses of rice and salt inside the castle grounds as well. Though he was secretly preparing for wars, they were officially built for peaceful use. Therefore, he could keep the walls and the moat even though the castle was closed. Toshitsune left us important cultural properties, and we can see his amazing talent as a governor.

yamachosuji    zuiryuji

Story 3: Becoming the “Central Market of Kaga”: the most prosperous period

Gorgeous Mikurumayama reflect merchant wealth and compete in lavishness.

The citizens responded to Toshitsune’s expectations by becoming a city of commerce and industry. At the time, cast products such as pots, rice cookers, and agricultural equipment were made with iron sand. They then began making cultural wares such as Buddhist implements, incense burners, vases, and Japanese braziers with decorations. Eventually, they started producing cast copperware as well and started using the *Kitamaebune trade route to promote their products, not only in domestic markets but also to export them abroad. The Fushiki port gradually became the trade center of Kaga Domain, and the city became the “Central Market of Kaga.” 
Since then, wealthy merchants have donated their wealth to the revival of the city, leading to the creation of lavish festivals. They began decorating their seven Mikurumayama with chasing, lacquering, dyeing, weaving, and other artisan works. By competing in lavishness, the Mikurumayama have been decorated to no end.

mikurumayama    kitamaeirasuto

Story 4: Takaoka continues to thrive as a town of commerce and industry.

To this day, the city continues to possess a great variety of craft skills and leads the latest product design scene.

The city was developed and thrived through great effort and contribution by the citizens. Transitions of the time such as the civilization and enlightenment in the Meiji period did not stop the prosperity. Even at the time when Takaoka was not chosen as a prefectural capital, the city worked hard as a commercial city. The city now attracts interest from all over the world, especially in product design with traditional and delicate craft techniques. The city itself, with rows of historic houses, historical districts, industries, and festivals, is still unique. The city and its spirit are alive and well, creating a new era with future generations. 

takaokacraft 

 

お問い合わせ

市長政策部文化創造課

富山県高岡市広小路7-50

電話番号:0766-20-1255

ファックス:0766-30-7299